Geography

Year 1

  • Name, locate and identify the four countries and capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas
  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the UK and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the north and south poles
  • To use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
    • Key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather.
    • Key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.
  • Use simple compass directions (NSEW) and locational and directional language (for example, near and far; left and right), to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

 

Year 2

  •  To name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the UK, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
  • To use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
    • Key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather.
    • Key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.
  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.
  • Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landscapes and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.
  • Use simple field work and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

Year 3

  • Locate world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and N and S America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country: Germany
  • Describe and understand key aspects of volcanoes and earthquakes
  • Use field work to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.

 

Year 4

  • Locate world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and N and S America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities: Mexico
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country: Italy
  • Describe and understand key aspects of human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water: Sheffield
  • Use field work to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.

 

Year 5

  • Name and locate counties and cities of UK, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of mountains, rivers and coasts and the water cycle
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country (France) and a region within N or S America.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied

 

Year 6

  • Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, equator, Northern and Southern hemispheres, the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic circles, the prime /Greenwich meridian and time zones (including day and night)
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region within N or S America.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts
  • Use eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of OS maps) to build their knowledge of the UK and the wider world.